A small village in the bosom of nature, Tikarpada is strategically situated by the side of "Satakosia Gorge". The meandering Mahanadi flowing closeby amidst bountiful hills, forms here the mightiest gorge of India, twenty-two km long. It is acclaimed as one of the World's most enchanting spot. The place is ideal for boating, angling and adventure. The forests and hills around the village have varieties of fauna to fascinate the visitors. A Gharial Crocodile Sanctuary, setup here, has enhanced the importance of the place. A research and conservation unit was established at Tikarpada(close to the Satkosia gorge) for rearing of gharials. So far 38 species of mammals, 128 species of birds, 27 species of reptiles, 4 species of amphibians and 183 species of fish have been recorded in the sanctuary.
Best season : Winter
A small village in the bosom of nature, Tikarpada is strategically situated by the side of "Satakosia Gorge". The meandering Mahanadi flowing closeby amidst bountiful hills, forms here the mightiest gorge of India, twenty-two km long. It is acclaimed as one of the World's most enchanting spot. The place is ideal for boating, angling and adventure. The forests and hills around the village have varieties of fauna to fascinate the visitors. A Gharial Crocodile Sanctuary, setup here, has enhanced the importance of the place. A research and conservation unit was established at Tikarpada(close to the Satkosia gorge) during 1995 for rearing of gharials. So far 38 species of mammals, 128 species of birds, 27 species of reptiles, 4 species of amphibians and 183 species of fish have been recorded in the sanctuary.
Rainfall : 170 Cms
Climate : Maximum Temp. 33.30 C and Minimum Temp. 19.60 C
Clothing : Light cotton in Summer and woolen in Winter
Language spoken : Odia, Hindi, English, and Tribal dialects.
Best season : Winter
|By Air : The nearest airport is at Bhubaneswar (210 km) . |
|By Rail : Nearest railway station is Angul 58kms |
|By Road : Connected with a good motorable road, the place is 120 km from Dhenkanal and 58 km from Angul on the road which branches off Cuttack-Sambalpur road at Badakera Chhak 14 km west of Angul. |
|Tourist can avail the accommodation of Forest Rest House at Tikarpara Forest Department also operates an Eco-Camp at Tikarpada during winter months. Contact Officer for both facilities is DFO, Satkoshia Wildlife Division, Angul.Ph (06764-236218). |
|Tourist can also avail Comfortable and economical accommodation arrangements at Angul (STD code-06764) to visit this sanctuary and other tourist spot of Angul District. |
|The list of the hotels are here :|
Name & Address
Name & Address
|Hotel Prasanti, Turang, Angul, Tel:- 233051,233052/233554
||Hotel Santi, Bus stand, Angul, Tel: 230386,230622,232932|
|Hotel Durga, Turang, Angul, Tel:- 232652,230155
||Hotel Ganapati, Nalco Nagar, Angul, Tel:- 220061|
|Hotel Razz, PTC Square, Angul, Tel: 230067,234341
||Central Lodge, Daily market, Angul, Tel:- 230378|
|Bikram Lodge, Madanmohan Padhi Lane, Angul, Tel:- 230200, 232071
||Jagannath Lodge, Nalco Chhack, Angul, Tel:- 220913|
|Hotel Goutam vihar, Main road, Angul, Tel:- 230537,234596
||Hotel sandhya, Main Road, Angul, Tel:- 320279|
|Hotel Aurovilla, Circuit House, Angul, Tel:- 236335
||Hotel Swagat, Nalco Nagar, Angul, Tel.- 222913,223498|
|Namara Palace, 7th line Amalapada, Angul. Tel.- 233839, 232837
||Airbat guest House, 6th Line Amalapada, Angul. Tel.- 230111, 234623|
|Hotel Shiv Sagar, Shanti Bazar, Angul, Tel.- 329511
||Kadambini Cottage, Shanti Bazar, Angul. Tel: 234371, 9437030469(M)|
|Way side Amenities Centre, Banarpal, At-Narendrapur, Via-Meramundali, Dist.- Angul
||Brundaban Lodge, Hatatota, Talcher. Tel:- 240005|
|Chandrika Lodge, Handi dua, Talcher, Tel:- 241134
||Mahendra Lodge, Handi dua, Talcher, Tel:-240581|
|Diamond, Hatatota, Talcher, Tel:- 240377
||Hotel New Trisakti, Hatatota, Talcher, Tel:- 240743|
|Hotel Sakti International, Handidua, Talcher. Tel.- 240384/ 241123
||Hotel Green Park, By pass chhack, Talcher. Tel:- 241843/241033/242233|
|Satakosia Wild Life Sancturary -|
Satakosia wild life sanctuary is located in the districts of Angul, Cuttack, Nayagarh & Boudh. The sanctuary derives its name from sat (seven) and Kosh (two miles) meaning 14 miles or 22 km. Long. The meandering Mahanadi flowing amidst two beautiful hills form here the mightiest gorge measuring 22 km. Long. The majestic Satkosia gorge is a unique feature in the geomorphology of India. It is acclaimed as one of the most enchanting spots in the country. This region is in fact the meeting point of Chhotanagpur plateau forests, dry deciduous forests and moist peninsular sal forests and is a strong hold of tiger, leopard, elephant, spotted deer, chousingha, sloth beer and varieties of resident and migratory birds and different species of reptiles like gharial, mugger, crocodile, fresh water turtles, poisonous and non-poisonous snakes etc. The place is ideal of boating, angling and other adventure sports.
|Sri Saila Khetra, Angul - this should go to Excursion below Angul|
A beautiful temple complex has been constructed on Sunasagada Hill top at Angul. The main temple has Mukhasala , Natyamandir and a Garvagriha . Lord Balabhadra, Lord Jagannath and Devi Subhadra are worshiped in the main temple . Godess Laxmi , Bimala, Sarawati are worshiped in this complex . This temple complex attracts a lot of visitors through out the year.
|Goddess Budhi Thakurani -this should go to Excursion below Angul|
The presiding deity of Angul is Goddess Budhithakurani . Angul has earned celebrity as a Sakta Centre since 8th Century A.D. with the rise of the Sulkies on its soil. Goddess Budhithakurani is worshiped in the form of a stone icon covered with vermillion . The shrine draws huge crowd throughout the year. Pilgrims of different parts of Odisha visit the place for a darshan of the Goddess.
Flanked by hillocks on both sides, Angul the headquarters town of the district of same name, is beautifully carved on an open plain with a garlanding road. It has come to the limelight with the establishment of National Aluminum Company Ltd. (NALCO), the largest in Asia. As an important road junction, Angul serves the ideal base for visiting the places of interest in its neighbourhood.
Talcher on the right bank of Brahmani, the capital of the erstwhile Talcher State is one of the industrial and mining complexes of the country. The coal based thermal power plant at the Talcher Thermal, Heavy Water plant of Atomic Energy Commission at Vikrampur, 7 nos. of underground mines and 3 nos. of open cast mines located in and around Talcher have greatly enhanced the importance of this place. Another attraction of the place is the Rani Park, which extends over an area of 64 square km. Once this place was very famous for its varied flora and fauna. A rock cut Vishnu image lying in sleeping posture at the left bank of Brahmani in Saranga village is only 4 km away from Talcher. Talcher is 150 km away from Bhubaneswar and 20 km away from Angul .
A rock art sleeping image of Lord Vishnu is located at Bhimakanda village about 30 km north of Talcher town and 50 km from Angul & on the right bank of river Brahmani . Now it is situated within the complex of the largest coal based Super Thermal Power Plant of NTPC. The image sleeps on its right side. The image is about 42 (126.5 CM) long & 8 wide. It has the honour of being the largest sleeping image. The period of its construction is assigned to 8th -9th Century A.D.
Malyagiri range of Pallahara Sub-Division houses a glittering water fall near the village Khuludi. The fall making its spectacular jump from the hilltop and paying homage to Lord Siva is located at a distance of 120 Km. from Angul and 20 km. from Pallahara. It is an ideal site for group picnic and relaxation.
The temple complex covers an area of twenty-four acres of land. The presiding deity Sidheswar Baba adores the main temple.
A dam has been constructed across the river Brahmani at Rengali. One Hydro-electric power project has been installed here. It is about 85 km from Angul. Located on NH-250, it is a quiet place for outing.
Goddess Hingula is worshipped with great devotion by the people of the surrounding areas. It is located at a distance of 14 km from Talcher.Goddess Hingula is believed to be the agni ( fire) in the kitchen of Lord Jagannath at Puri. An open cast coal mine of MCL has come up recently near Gopalprasad. Hingula Yatra is observed here for nine days during the month of Chaitra. A lok mohotsav is organized here for a week long period on the occasion of the yatra when tens of thousands of people visit the place.
Cottage industry plays an important role in the rural economy of Angul district. Besides handloom, the other important cottage industries are carpentry, brass and bell metal works, shoe making, etc.
|1. Do not make noise while watching the birds / animals. You are visiting the national park/sanctuary for watching the birds, not disturbing them. |
|2. You need to be extra careful in case you are going for bird watching during the breeding season of the birds.|
|3. Never ever touch the eggs of the birds and do not even venture around the nest for too long.|
|4. Birdcalls / animal sounds should never be used for attracting the birds / animals. It causes unnecessary confusion and disturbance amongst them.|
|5. Follow all the rules as well as the instructions given at the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Export of most wildlife and their products is either banned or strictly regulated. Export of the few permissible items - even as passengers' personal luggage, is permitted only under an appropriate export permit.|
Insist on getting a certificate for the legitimate sale of a particular animal product and permission for its export to avoid inconvenience at the time of departure.
|6. Do not litter while inside the park/sanctuary. It is advisable to carry the trash back with you and put it in a rubbish bin.|
|7. Please enter the Park only after taking the necessary permits and follow all the rules.|
|8. Drive slowly in the Park. In this way you can see, observe and enjoy the most, without disturbing the wildlife.|
|9. Respect the wild animals and maintain a safe distance from them. Remember, you are in their home and they get first priority.|
|10. Switch off your car stereo or transistor. The quieter you are, the more the chances of your seeing wildlife.|
|11. Wear dull-colored clothes. Bright colors alarm most wild animals and they flee.|
|12. Don't carry guns or other weapons. Feel free to shoot with a camera instead.|
|13. Do not smoke or light campfires in the forest. Accidental fires can destroy this wonderful jungle in no time.|
|14. Don't get off your vehicle at any point in the Park except where it's allowed. This is for your own safety and the safety of wildlife.|
|15. Help keep the park pollution-free. While inside the park, please put your entire non-biodegradable litter (tin cans, plastic, glass bottles, metal foils etc.) into the bag provided and dispose it off on your way out.|
|16. Keep to the specified roads and trails. Driving off track you may trample growing trees and cause disturbance to resting animals and their young.|
The etymology of the name
The name Orissa is derived from the Sanskrit Odra Vishaya or Odra Desha. Both Pali and Sanskrit Literatures mention the Odra people as Oddaka and Odrah, respectively. Greek writers like Pliny and Ptolemy described the Odra people as Oretes. In the Mahabharata the Odras are mentioned along with the Paundras, Utkals, Mekalas, Kalingas and Andhras, while according to Manu the Odras are associated with the Paundrakas, Dravidas, Kambojas, Yavanas, Sakas, Paradas, Pallhavas, Chinas, Kiratas and Khasas. The location of the Odra territory has been given in the Natural History of Pliny in which it is mentioned that the Oretes inhabited the country where stood the Mount Maleus. The Greek Oretes is probably the Sanskrit Odra and the Mount Maleus has been identified with Malayagiri near Pala Lahara. Pliny associates the Mount Maleus with the people called Monedes and Sharis who were probably the same as the Mundas and the Savaras respectively inhabiting the upland regions of Orissa.
The Chinese pilgrim Hiuen-Tsang who visited Orissa in about 636 A.D. gives an account of the territory named Wu-Cha which is very likely the same as Odra. The pilgrim states that the Wu-Cha (Wu-tu) country was above 7,000 li in circuit and its capital was above 20 li in circuit. The area of the territory, which was 7,000 li or (2,253 km) in circuit, was very extensive. General Cunningham who calls this territory as Odra or Odra Desha writes as follows:
“The ancient province of Odra desa or Or-desa was limited to the valley of the Mahanadi and to the lower course of the Subarnarekha River. It comprised the whole of the present districts of Cuttack and Sambalpur and a portion of Midnapore. It was bounded on the West by Gondwana, on the North by the wild hill states of Jashpur and Singhbhum, on the East by the sea and on the South by Ganjam. These also must have been the limits in the time of Hiuen-Tsang as the measured circuit agrees with his estimate”.
The Muslim geographer lbn Khurdadhbin who wrote his geography in 846 AD refers to a territory called Ursfin which is identified by the Russian scholar V. Minorsky with Odra Desa. In another Persian geography called Hudad-al Alam written towards the close of the 10 th century A.D. mention has been made of a territory called Urshin (Odra Desa) which has been associated with the territories called Northern Myas, Harkand, Samunder and Andhras which were more or less contiguous. The territory called N.Myas may be Mahismati and Harkand is suggested to be Akarakhand (eastern Malwa). Urshin may be the same as Odra Desa and Samunder may be the territory bordering the sea. Andhras is without doubt the same as Andhra Desa. Alberuni has referred to a territory called Udra Vishau located 50 forsakhs towards the sea in the south from the Tree of Prayaga. Fifty forsakhs is equal to about 200 miles or 321.86 km. So Udra Vishau may be the same as Odra Desa.
In the mediaeval Muslim chronicles like Tabaquat-I-Nasiri, Tabaquat-I-Akbari, Riyadus Salatin, Tarkh-I-Firuzsahi, etc., the Odra territory has been referred to as Jajnagar probably after the capital Yayatinagar or Jajatinagar. The territory of Jajnagar very probably denotes to the Ganga Empire during the period from Chodagangadeva to Anangabhimdeva III when Jajatinagar (modern Jagati on the Mahanadi) was the capital of that empire. It was Anangabhimadeva III who transferred the capital from Jajatinagar to Baranasi Kataka. And even after the change of capital some Muslim chroniclers continued to call this territory as Jajnagar. Shams-I-Seraj-Afif called this territory as Jajnagar-Udisa with its capital city Banaras on the right bank of the Mahanadi. The word ‘Udisa’ added to Jajnagar appears very significant. It is a developed form of the word Ursfin or Urshin used by earlier Muslim writers of the 9th and 10 th centuries A.D. In Buddhist literature this word is expressed as Odivisa or Udivisa as found in the works of Lama Taranath and the author of Pag-Sam-Jon-Zang. In the Tantric literature of the mediaeval period the word Udisa has been frequently used and in Tantrasara, Jagannath has been referred to as Udisanatha. Poet Sarala Das mentions both the words Odra Rastra and Odisa in his famous treatise Mahabharata while Gajapati Kapileswaradeva (1435 – 1467 AD) in his proclamation inscribed on the temple walls of Jagannath calls his territory as Odisa Rajya. Thus from the 15th century AD onward the land of the Oriya people was called Udisa or Odisa.
Suleiman Karani, the Sultan of Bengal invades Orissa.
Ram Chandra Bhanja, the feudatory of Saranga Garh rises in rebellion and proclaims himself as the king, Mukunda Dev dies in a battle with Ram Chandra Bhanj, and soon thereafter Ram Chandra Bhanja also meets his defeat and death in the hands of Bayazid, the son of Suleiman Karani. He succeeds in conquering Orissa there by beginning Afghan rule in Orissa.
1590 - 1595
Orissa becomes an arena for the battles between the Mughals and the Afghans when the already Afghans refuse to acknowledge the suzerainty of the Mughals ruling over Delhi. The operation continues from 1590 to 1595 resulting in the complete defeat of Afghans.
Mughal rule in orissa begins with the arrival of Raja Manasingh, Akbar’s Raajput General who destroys the Afghan resistance. On the instruction of the Akbar Orissa is divided into five sarkars: Jaleswar (including midinapur), Bhadrak, Cuttack, Chika Khol, and Raja Mahendry Dandpat. Orissa is thus acquired for Mughal Empire and is governed as a part of the Bengal Sub Area for sometime. It is during the Mughal rule that the merchants carry on their brisk overseas trade & commerce and attract the attention of Europe traders. The Portuguese, the Dutch, The English and The French discover Orissa’s economic potential for markets outside.
During the rule of Akbar’s son & successor, Jahangir, Orissa is constituted into a separate province, with Cuttak as capital and is placed under a subahdar.
Kavi Samrat Upendranath Bhanj is believed to have been born around 1670.
The Nizam of Hyderabad occupies the whole of Ganjam & Chikakol (Srikakulam) & declares them as the North sarkar.
1751 – 1803
Maratha Administration of Orissa begins with Raghuji Bhonsla-I as the new chief of the territory - Marathas continue to rule till 1803 the year in which Orissa is transferred to hands of the British Marathas administration which is said to have proven fatal to the welfare and prosperity of the land and presents a picture of misrule, anarchy and weakness, rapacity and violence. Marathas rulers however patronize religion and religious institutions, thus making Orissa center of attraction, Oriya literature also makes rapid progress.
East India Company sets up trade at Hariharpur and Balasore.
After the battle of Plassey in 1757 & Buxar in 1764 the British Empire looks for acquiring more Indian territories. Orissa being the neighboring state of Bengal naturally comes to be included in their design.